Tag Archives: Blogging

Mexico, Canada, and the United States, we’re calling on the three countries’ leaders to make concrete commitments to protecting human rights.

INTERIM EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR’S NOTE

Margaret HuangGovernment leaders must prioritize human rights, and I was proud to take that message to the leaders of the U.S., Canada, and Mexico this week in Ottawa. I joined the heads of Amnesty International sections from Canada and Mexico in meeting with senior officials in all three governments in advance of an annual summit of the three countries’ leaders.

On behalf of 2 million Amnesty International supporters in Mexico, Canada, and the United States, we’re calling on the three countries’ leaders to make concrete commitments to protecting human rights. In particular, we’re urging them to do more to protect refugees—and to immediately end the detention of immigrant children. Nearly half of the world’s forcibly displaced people are children. Since the beginning of 2016, more than 39,000 unaccompanied children from El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, and Honduras have arrived at the U.S. border without parents or other adults. In many cases, these children are being put into prisons in the U.S., without access to any assistance or even translators, and then deported weeks or months later—sent back into the extremely dangerous conditions they were fleeing.

We’re fighting to protect those children—and to protect the rights of all refugees and migrants. Hundreds of thousands of Amnesty International supporters are demanding that government leaders do more, while we’re also engaging in direct advocacy with key decision-makers. We won’t stop until every person’s human rights are fully protected.Please take action to join us.

In solidarity,
Margaret Huang

Orlando, Solidarity and Action

ORLANDO, SOLIDARITY AND ACTION

During this month, Pride month, we witnessed the horrific mass shooting in Orlando—where 49 people, many of them LGBT people and people of color, were killed in a place they came to find community and joy.

The world responded with incredible solidarity, but meanwhile Congress failed to pass legislative measures to prevent the growing human rights crisis of gun violence. Instead, they introduced a wave of legislation playing on fear and prejudice toward Muslims.

We stand in solidarity with the victims and survivors in Orlando. We are committed to helping end gun violence in this country and to combatting anti-Muslim hate and bigotry in all its forms.

The America I Beleive In

WHAT DOES THE AMERICA YOU BELIEVE IN LOOK LIKE?

With a climate of fear and hate sweeping the United Sates, it’s time to take a stand.

Together, we’re rejecting anti-refugee legislation, harassment of American Muslims, and calls to respond to terrorism by committing torture and war crimes.

Don’t let fear win. Participate in our photo action to show what the America you believe in looks like.

Download and print out the sign, then you can write what the America you believe in looks like and post it to social media.

You can also get more involved by going to amnestyusa.org/Ibelieve

Donate NowTRAPPED ON THE BORDERS

Sham, pictured here, is a six-year old girl from Syria who fled to Europe in a rubber boat after bombs destroyed her home.

Amnesty International crisis investigators met her and her family when they were trapped in a ferry terminal in Greece after European governments closed their borders to refugees fleeing the violence in Syria. She was sleeping on the floor.

Help us surpass our $200,000 June goal to advocate on behalf of refugees like Sham and her family. Donate now.

Block the Bombs

BLOCK THE BOMBS FROM THE U.S. TO SAUDI ARABIA

Saudi Arabia has committed gross and systemic violations of human rights abroad and at home, and used its position on the UN Human Rights Council to effectively obstruct accountability for possible war crimes.

Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch this week are calling on the United Nations to suspend Saudi Arabia from the UN Human Rights Council. We also need to make sure that no more US bombs are delivered to Saudi Arabia and used in human rights violations.

Block the bombs.

2016 Regional Conferences

2016 REGIONAL CONFERENCES

AIUSA’s 2016 Regional Conferences are set to take place in October and November, and they will be an incredible opportunity to hear from inspiring speakers, network with other activists, learn about the most pressing human rights issues of our time, develop your organizing skills, and shape AIUSA policy. We’ll have information soon on agendas, speakers, and more, but you can check out dates and locations on the regional conferences website.

If you’re a member and want to present at one of the conferences, don’t forget tosubmit your proposal for each conference by July 15.

Leonard PeltierTAKE ACTION FOR LEONARD PELTIER

Leonard Peltier is 71 years old now, and he has served 40 years in prison in a case that has long raised troubling questions—including from the judge who heard his appeal. He has an abdominal aortic aneurysm, and his health is deteriorating rapidly. If properly treated, Leonard could make a full recovery, but if the aneurysm ruptures, he has roughly a 10% chance of survival.

Amnesty International staff recently visited Leonard in federal prison in Florida, and he told us: “If I don’t get clemency, I’m going to die here—and not from old age.”
It’s time to bring him home to his family. Take Action.

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Help Stop the killing of people with albinism in Malawi!

Take Action: Help Stop the killing of people with albinism in Malawi!

Get Involved
Take Action© LAWILINK/Amnesty InternationalAttacks against people with albinism have sharply increased in Malawi over the last two years, with four people, including a baby, murdered this past April alone.Take action now and support efforts calling on the government of Malawi to protect people with albinism.

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Whitney Chilumpha was just under two years old when she was snatched while sleeping with her mother in their home. Pieces of her skull, some teeth and clothing were found days later on a nearby hill.

Jenifer Namusyo, a 30-year-old woman, was found dead. She had been stabbed in the back, abdomen, and elbow.

Seventeen-year-old Davis Fletcher Machinjiri was abducted by a group of men who trafficked him to Mozambique, where he was killed and his arms and legs chopped off.

Right now there are five more people who have been abducted in Malawi and are still missing—their lives are in immediate danger.

Groups in Malawi are fighting to end this practice—but they need help. Call on the government of Malawi to urgently search for the five who are currently missing, and take steps to protect the life and security of people with albinism.

Today is International Albinism Awareness Day, and Amnesty International just released a report that shows at least 69 crimes against people with albinism have been documented since November 2014.

Amnesty International and other organizations on the ground are calling on the government of Malawi to adopt measures protecting the rights to life and security of people with albinism by providing increased levels of visible policing in rural districts and taking action when attacks occur.

Tell the government of Malawi to uphold its responsibility to protect people with albinism.

 

Block the bombs: Stop the $1 billion U.S. arms sale to Saudi Arabia.

STOP: $1 Billion U.S. Arms sale to Saudi Arabia

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Take Action

Yemenis walk on the rubble of a wedding hall which was reportedly hit by a Saudi Arabia-led coalition air strike. The U.S. Government risks complicity in the actions of the Saudi Arabia-led coalition as they commit violations of international humanitarian law.

Block the bombs: Stop the $1 billion U.S. arms sale to Saudi Arabia.

Take Action!
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It’s the war that no one is talking about. Thousands of civilians have been killed and injured by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition since the conflict began in Yemen.

Where is Saudi Arabia getting the bombs to do it? One major seller is the U.S. Government.

And now President Obama has authorized the sale of over 18,000 bombs and 1,500 warheads to Saudi Arabia—but these bombs have not yet been delivered.

Act Now: Urge President Obama and Congress to cancel the arms sale to Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia’s government has led a devastating campaign of unlawful air strikes and bombardment of civilian targets in the next-door country of Yemen.

Yemen is in a humanitarian crisis, with over 2.5 million displaced, and 82% of the population in need of some form of humanitarian assistance.

While all sides have committed violations, a UN report found that Saudi Arabia-led coalition airstrikes were responsible for most of the civilian deaths in Yemen’s conflict.

The Saudi Arabia-led coalition declared the entire city of Sa’da—civilian homes included—a military target, which is in direct violation of international humanitarian law.

Tell President Obama and Congress that the U.S. should not sell bombs and arms to countries who are using them to commit human rights abuses and violations of the laws of war.            Take action today.

Saudi Arabia is the largest arms sales customer of the U.S.

Based on Amnesty International’s evidence of civilian targeting, putting more U.S. bombs in the hands of Saudi Arabia’s military will only make matters worse for civilians in Yemen.

Thank you for your activism,

Sunjeev Bery
Advocacy Director, Middle East North Africa
Amnesty International USA

Take Action! Donate Now!

Amnesty International USA

 

The Flight 370 Vanished in Thin Air? – PLs Contribute Your Ideas – October 2015 The Plane Was Found!

October 2015,  Plane wreckage with the Malaysian flag painted on the side linking it to lost aircraft MH370 has reportedly been found in the Philippines. A man and his nephew were said to be hunting for birds when they spotted the wreckage in Mindanao, the second largest island in the country.
And here is a Video about the Dutch Safety Board’s investigation into the causes of the crash of flight MH17 on 17 July 2014 in the eastern part of Ukraine and the Board’s investigation into flying over conflict zones. The video was based on the Dutch Safety Board’s investigation reports, which were published on 13 October 2015.

MH370: Plane Wreckage With Pilot SKELETON And Malaysian Airlines Colours ‘found’ – > http://t.co/neTRNPcBJG via @DiscloseTV #viwidausa Posted by Victory Women in Development Association-USA (ViWiDA) on Monday, October 12, 2015

The Flight 370 from Malaysia Airlines Vanished in Thin Air and this incident continues to baffle investigators; especially when some rumors that cell phones from a couple of victims are being traced to a Chinese instant messenger service called QQ, which indicate that those phones were still somehow online.  Adding to the mystery, other relatives said that when they dialed some passengers’ numbers, they seemed to get ringing tones on the other side even though the calls were not picked up (WashPost reported).                                                                                                                                                Many have speculated as to what could have happened to the vanishing flight; but, in this report our readers will hear from Floyd Brown of Capitol Hill Daily who will help in considering different scenarios as to what could have happened to that fateful flight 370.  Then, we will hear some facts from Mike Adams the Health RangerEditor of NaturalNews.com, who will help you in drawing conclusion as to what might have really occurred.                                                                                                                                     In the end, you, the reader, might be able to contribute your ideas about this situation by commenting, we hope………!  Here are the two articles for your read

Floyd Brown
http://www.capitolhilldaily.com/

Late last week, Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 disintegrated 30,000 feet over the South China Sea.

And as I’m writing, officials are in full denial mode: “There’s no evidence of terrorism.” Yet this denial is strikingly similar to the statements issued after the Benghazi attacks, the terrorist shooting at Fort Hood, and other suspicious and deadly events during Obama’s tenure.

Officials say they aren’t considering terrorism because there’s a “lack of significant chatter.” But that’s a short-sighted conclusion for a number of reasons.

Consider this possibility: Maybe the Edward Snowden leaks showed terrorist organizations exactly how they could evade NSA monitoring.

Or, consider this even scarier alternative: Flight 370 was shot down by a terrorist missile. It’s not as outlandish as it seems. On Sunday, Aaron Klein, a reporter working out of Jerusalem for the website WND.com, published an eye-opening report detailing the threat of missiles to civilian airliners. Klein wrote of the Obama administration’s failure to control these controversial Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems, or MANPADS.

Klein recalled a speech given by former CIA Director David Petraeus, who warned of a “nightmare” scenario in which a missile – acquired by terrorists – is used to shoot down an airliner full of tourists or business travelers.

Petraeus said, “As you know, that was always our worst nightmare – that a civilian airliner would be shot down by one. Which is why we were so concerned when they moved around.”

Sadly, Klein says that the threat of attacks on civilian airliners is growing: “The largest terrorist looting of MANPADS took place immediately after the U.S.-NATO military campaign that helped to end Muammar Gaddafi’s rule in Libya. Gaddafi had hoarded Africa’s largest-known reserve of MANPADS, with his stock said to number between 15,000 and 20,000. Many of the missiles were stolen by militias fighting in Libya, including those backed by the U.S. in their anti-Gaddafi efforts.”

The Obama administration has largely covered up this threat to civilian airplanes, as an inept attempt to recover the Gaddafi weapons has been a failure.

Some Undeniable Similarities

Here’s another reason terrorism should be considered in this case: the similarities to previous airborne terrorism attacks.

Officials may not have found debris from Flight 370, but unfortunately, that’s not too surprising. When a bomb was detonated on board an Air India Boeing 747 in 1985, the plane was at its cruising altitude of about 30,000 feet above the Atlantic Ocean. Both the plane and the evidence of the attack were largely disintegrated in the air, and a total of 329 people were killed.

Another similar attack was the bomb explosion on Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland on December 21, 1988. That Pan Am flight was also largely disintegrated.

On top of that, police are trying to identify four passengers who traveled on Flight 370 using suspect passports. Interpol has alleged that at least two of the passengers used passports listed in its database of stolen travel documents. Questions about why the passenger manifest wasn’t checked more thoroughly are already being asked.

Ultimately, our hearts go out to the families of the 227 passengers and the dozen crew members on board Flight 370. In the days and weeks ahead, the world will have more questions. Let’s hope that the Obama team will be honest with the public and not attempt to hide the facts as they have in the past.
Floyd Brown  –    http://www.capitolhilldaily.com/

That is what Floyd Brown of Capitolhill daily have to consider, Now let us listen to Mike Adams of NaturalNews with some of his Facts!

by Mike Adams, the Health RangerEditor of NaturalNews.com
There are some astonishing things you’re not being told about Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, the flight that simply vanished over the Gulf of Thailand with 239 people on board.

The mystery of the flight’s sudden and complete disappearance has even the world’s top air safety authorities baffled. “Air-safety and antiterror authorities on two continents appeared equally stumped about what direction the probe should take,” reports the Wall Street Journal.

WSJ goes on to report:

“For now, it seems simply inexplicable,” said Paul Hayes, director of safety and insurance at Ascend Worldwide, a British advisory and aviation data firm.

While investigators are baffled, the mainstream media isn’t telling you the whole story, either. So I’ve assembled this collection of facts that should raise serious questions in the minds of anyone following this situation.

• Fact #1: All Boeing 777 commercial jets are equipped with black box recorders that can survive any on-board explosion

No explosion from the plane itself can destroy the black box recorders. They are bomb-proof structures that hold digital recordings of cockpit conversations as well as detailed flight data and control surface data.

• Fact #2: All black box recorders transmit locator signals for at least 30 days after falling into the ocean

Yet the black box from this particular incident hasn’t been detected at all. That’s why investigators are having such trouble finding it. Normally, they only need to “home in” on the black box transmitter signal. But in this case, the absence of a signal means the black box itself — an object designed to survive powerful explosions — has either vanished, malfunctioned or been obliterated by some powerful force beyond the worst fears of aircraft design engineers.

• Fact #3: Many parts of destroyed aircraft are naturally bouyant and will float in water

In past cases of aircraft destroyed over the ocean or crashing into the ocean, debris has always been spotted floating on the surface of the water. That’s because — as you may recall from the safety briefing you’ve learned to ignore — “your seat cushion may be used as a flotation device.”

Yes, seat cushions float. So do many other non-metallic aircraft parts. If Flight 370 was brought down by an explosion of some sort, there would be massive debris floating on the ocean, and that debris would not be difficult to spot. The fact that it has not yet been spotted only adds to the mystery of how Flight 370 appears to have literally vanished from the face of the Earth.

• Fact #4: If a missile destroyed Flight 370, the missile would have left a radar signature

One theory currently circulating on the ‘net is that a missile brought down the airliner, somehow blasting the aircraft and all its contents to “smithereens” — which means very tiny pieces of matter that are undetectable as debris.

The problem with this theory is that there exists no known ground-to-air or air-to-air missile with such a capability. All known missiles generate tremendous debris when they explode on target. Both the missile and the debris produce very large radar signatures which would be easily visible to both military vessels and air traffic authorities.

• Fact #5: The location of the aircraft when it vanished is not a mystery

Air traffic controllers have full details of almost exactly where the aircraft was at the moment it vanished. They know the location, elevation and airspeed — three pieces of information which can readily be used to estimate the likely location of debris.

Remember: air safety investigators are not stupid people. They’ve seen mid-air explosions before, and they know how debris falls. There is already a substantial data set of airline explosions and crashes from which investigators can make well-educated guesses about where debris should be found. And yet, even armed with all this experience and information, they remain totally baffled on what happened to Flight 370.

• Fact #6: If Flight 370 was hijacked, it would not have vanished from radar

Hijacking an airplane does not cause it to simply vanish from radar. Even if transponders are disabled on the aircraft, ground radar can still readily track the location of the aircraft using so-called “passive” radar (classic ground-based radar systems that emit a signal and monitor its reflection).

Thus, the theory that the flight was hijacked makes no sense whatsoever. When planes are hijacked, they do not magically vanish from radar.
Conclusion: Flight 370 did not explode; it vanished

The inescapable conclusion from what we know so far is that Flight 370 seems to have utterly and inexplicably vanished. It clearly was not hijacked (unless there is a cover-up regarding the radar data), and we can all be increasingly confident by the hour that this was not a mid-air explosion (unless debris suddenly turns up that they’ve somehow missed all along).

The inescapable conclusion is that Flight 370 simply vanished in some way that we do not yet understand. This is what is currently giving rise to all sorts of bizarre-sounding theories across the ‘net, including discussions of possible secret military weapons tests, Bermuda Triangle-like ripples in the fabric of spacetime, and even conjecture that non-terrestrial (alien) technology may have teleported the plane away.

Personally, I’m not buying any of that without a lot more evidence. The most likely explanation so far is that the debris simply hasn’t been found yet because it fell over an area which is somehow outside the search zone. But as each day goes by, even this explanation becomes harder and harder to swallow.

The frightening part about all this is not that we will find the debris of Flight 370; but rather that we won’t. If we never find the debris, it means some entirely new, mysterious and powerful force is at work on our planet which can pluck airplanes out of the sky without leaving behind even a shred of evidence.

If there does exist a weapon with such capabilities, whoever controls it already has the ability to dominate all of Earth’s nations with a fearsome military weapon of unimaginable power. That thought is a lot more scary than the idea of an aircraft suffering a fatal mechanical failure.

Click here to read more details about possible “supernatural explanations” for the vanishing of Flight 370.

Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/044244_Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_370_vanished.html#ixzz2vfcVj4TU

 Ok now, what are your ideas about this incident or what do you think happened to the Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, which went on missing or simply vanished over the Gulf of Thailand with 239 people on board. Let us hear your comments… 

NOW IT HAS BEEN FOUND! DON’T YOU WANT TO KNOW WHAT HAPPENED TO FLIGHT 370 WITH IT’S 239 PEOPLE ON BOARD? 

 

 

Funding and Training Connections

cropped-cashmoney1.jpgFunding Connections

Sow It Forward is the grants and partnership program of Kitchen Gardeners International. They offer full and partial grants to nonprofit causes or organizations (501 c3s, food banks, com­munity gardens, prisons, senior programs, etc.) interested in starting or expanding food gar­den projects that are of general benefit to their community. Applications for the 2016 grant cycle
are now being accepted. The application deadline for the 2016 grant cycle is 5 pm East­ern Time, Friday January 8, 2016. Learn more about this opportunity at http://kqi.org/qrants

The Home Depot Foundation is looking for proposals for rural veteran housing projects. Awards will go to nonprofits, and housing authorities serving veterans at or below 80% of area me­dian income in rural areas. Projects may be new construction or rehab, temporary or permanent housing, in progress or beginning within 1 2 months. Concept papers are due October 30. Contact
Shonterria Charleston, Housing Assistance Council, 404-892-4824.

Grants of up to $3000 to address community improvement projects throughout the United States.
For more information visit:                                                                                                     http://penn sylvania.grantwatch.com /grant/1 262 48/grants-to-address­ com m unity-improvement-projects-through out-the-united-states.htmI

Training Connections

Sept. 9: HUD Multifamily Affordable Housing Preservation Clinic in NYC on September 9, 201 5 for owners of Section 202 and 236 projects. This one-day session will focus on guiding owners of Sec­tion 202 and Section 236 properties to develop a roadmap to preserve long-term affordability and improve their properties. Registration is required. Go to the HUD Exchange Training and Events Page and click “Register Now.”

Sept. 11: HUD, Multifamily Homeless Placement Discussion and Awards program invites Owners and Management Agents of Multifamily Properties in Eastern Pennsylvania to learn about multifam­ily homeless preference program on Sept. 11, 201 5, 9:30 AM – noon, at HUD’s Philadelphia Re­gional Office. This event will help owners and agents learn ways to provide housing for veterans. Registration at 9 AM.

Sept. 18: PennDel AHMA presents a luncheon and business meeting, “Landlord Tenant Laws: What Has Changed Over the Last Year.” The session will be held at the Hilton in Philadelphia with regis­tration beginning at 11 :30 am. For more information, visit http://penndelahma.org/9-18-201 5-info.html

Sep 22: Cumberland County Local Housing Options Team (LHOT) Housing Seminar will be held at the Capital Area Christian Church 1 775 Lambs Gap Road, Mechanicsburg, PA. Please contact kcraw­ford@ccpa.net for details

Sept. 2 5: Cumberland County Link Cross Training will hold a session on Energy Assistance and Cri­sis Assistance Services at the United Way of Carlisle and Cumberland County, 145 S. Hanover St, Carlisle from 9:30AM-11 :OOAM.

Sept. 30: PA Behavioral Health and Aging Coalition providing workshop on “Aging, Mental Health, and Chronic Illness”, September 30, 2015, at the Giant Community Center, 2300 Linglestown Rd., Harrisburg, PA. Cost: $75, CEU applications are approved for Licensed Social Workers.
Registration and detaiIs at http://www.olderoa.orq/event-1 8 3 05 59CalendarViewType=1&SelectedDate=9/2 5/201 5

Oct. 2: Aging and HIV: Prevention, Care Treatment, Cure & Hepatitis C, a free Forum, will be held on October 2, 2015 at Drexel University. Registration & breakfast begins at 8:30am and lecture time is 1 O:OOam-1:30pm. Lunch will be provided. Seating is limited…to reserve your seat call
(888)266-2827 or email to: register@natap.org

Oct. 15-16: The PAHMA Fall Conference, “Hats off to Housing,” will be held at the Seven Springs Resort in Champion, PA. Topics include: HUD updates, maintenance, LIHTC, and more. For more information and to register, visit http://www.pah ma.orq/education-eve nts/pah ma-fall-conferenee­ training/

Various: SAGE is offering a number of upcoming webinars as part of their Housing Initiative. For a Iist of avaiIable webinars, visit  http: //blog.sageusa.org/blog/2 015/06/lets-talk-about-lgbt-elder­ housing.html

Various: The Berks, Lancaster, Lebanon LINK will be holding 3 cross-training meetings in the month of September. Information regarding each meeting can be found at: http://berkslancasterlebanonIink.org

Various: Home Instead Senior Care Network in cooperation with the American Society on Aging of­fers free web conferences and free CEUs. For more information and to complete the required pre­ registration, go to: http://www.CaregiverStress.com/ProfessionaiEducation. When you
register, you do not have to put in your credit card information to participate.

Continuation of My ancestor’s history from the ‪‎African_Great_Lakes‬ during the reign of the Sultan Tibe

DEDICATION TO MY CHILDREN – FAHD & MOH’D

From I, who is a descendant of Higna Pirusa Clan. – A Higna Fombaia/Moitsa Pirusa Clan – 16th Century Reign of African Great Lakes!        A fascinating history of my ancestors …

The story from the #African_Great_Lakes that shook the Sunni Muslim dynasties during the reign of the Sultan Tibe, who was the Head of Confederation which covered most of the Grande Comore/Ngazija island.  Presumably the story of Sultan Tibé Mougné M’Kou (1813-1875), which started from Patte Island, gives an idea of what were the reigns of his predecessors. Importantly, it gives me an idea of, and able to peek into the past lives of my ancestors and know where I came from

Patte Island and the archaelogical sites in Kenya Siyu_Fort,_Pate_IslandPate4Pate3Pate2

 

 

 

 

 

(Patte) Pate Island is the name of both a town and an island. Pate’s history under (European) foreign occupation began  with the Portugues in 1498. When the  Portugese established a customs house on Pate Island and imposed a tax on trade, the residents rebelled, first briefly in 1637. And then again in 1660, 1678, 1680 and 1687. Each uprising proved more difficult for the weakening Portuguese to quell. Combined forces from Pate and Oman finally drove the Portuguese off the East African coast in 1698, after a three year siege of their stronghold on Mombasa, Fort Jesus during which time the Ya’rubah(Y’arub) dynasty was ruling in Oman and Sultan bin Sayf al-Ya’rubi had defeated and took Muscat(Masqat) forts from the Portuguese. (Africana, The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition, Pate Island pg354).

Tracing the Archaeological background of my ancestors Higna Pirusa Clan in Patte, it will seem that the male figures who established the Dynasty there were from Nabahan Dynasty. These particular Nabahans from Pate claimed to have come from (Sham)Iraq/Iran or Syria but Archaeological findings trace them coming from Muscat (Muslim Societies in Africa pg215). These Nabahan members are from the Yaruba Dynasty.   (Y’Aruba) tribe is said to be related to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

Nabahans dynasty ruled much of Oman in 1154CE to 1406CE, at this time Oman was under the Abassid dynasty replacing the Umayyads 750CE.  The Capital is moved from Syria to Iraq; election of al-Julandi ibn Mas’ud as first Ibadi Imam in Oman establishes first independent dynasty of Oman, which lasts until 1435CE. From 661CE to 750CE Umayyad Dynasty ruled from Damascus; expansion of the Islamic empire in North Africa and Spain in the west and into Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia in the east.  Between 1435CE and 1624CE Oman was ruled by a series of elected Imams who do not establish rule by one family; until the Y’Aruba family established dynasty in order to deal with atrocity they were facing from the Portuguese.

1624CE  to 1741CE  Ya’rubah(Y’arub) dynasty was established in Oman. Sultan bin Sayf al-Ya’rubi takes Muscat(Masqat) forts from the Portuguese and also help Pate Island to drove the Portuguese off the cost of East Africa.  Al Bu Saidi dynasty ruling of the present day Oman was established in 1749CE, after Sayyid’s BuSaidi family had supplanted the previous Y’Aruba dynasty for the control of Oman.

The Mazrui family were very angry because  Al BuSaidi’s family supplanted Y’Aruba dynasty and they expected to take on the coast of East Africa. They broke away from Oman and contested Sayyid’s choices for learders of coastal Swahili towns; thus when Mazrui family tried to capture cities like Lamu and Pate which were vassals of Oman, but Oman’s strong hold over the Swahili coast drove out a pro-Mazrui  government in the city of Pate and Sayyid’s forces captured the island of Pemba as well in 1823 from Mazrui supporters.

(Dictionary of African Biography, E.K. Akyeampong & H.L GatesJr Vol.6 pg 302).  (Sebastian Maisel, John A. Shoup, An Encyclopedia of Life in the Arab States, Volume 1 and 2, Chronology)

We will trace a portion of the story through different views and pieces of information.

From the Anjouan history- their view of the Grande Comore and the sultans on the Comoros    They saw the political tradition of the Grande-Comore to be the opposite of that of Anjouan, and typically feudal.

Our story started from Pate Island in Kenya where a Son of a prince banished from the Island of Patte in 18th/19th century, grows in Anjouan, married a daughter of Sultan Alaoui 1st, of which he had his elder son Saïd M’Kou. Succeeded in capturing Moroni and Iconi which he drove the Sultan Bamba Ouma, and proclaimed himself Sultan of Bambao. Fey Foumou was his brother-in-law, Boina Foumou was his father in law. So now we know who captured Aicha and married her off to MussaFumu of which in the end of the Sultanates reign; it will seem that Mussa Fumu was the Greater Sultan Tibe among all of the Sultans in my ancestry; especially to me he was.
He was a very powerful and stronger ruler among all the Sultanates on the Comoros, because he would not give in to either French or Arabs to the end. He didn’t want to loose the Comoro Island but in the end he did.
In 1885 Said Ali, the “Black Sultan” gave Leon Humblot (French Exploiter) the “White Sultan” a large concession covering as much lands as he could exploit (in fact the whole island) Humblot became the real ruler of the island it was only in 1912 that he lost his last administrative powers.
After most of the Sultanates were defeated in fighting this deal, they submitted to Sultan Ali Said. At this time rivalry between Ngazija’s two largest sultanates had become civil war. France was supporting Sa’id Ali, Sultan of Bambao, against his rival Mas Fumu of Itsandra. (Musa bin Fehem called Msa Fum by the natives was the maternal cousin to Ali). Shaikh Kari persuaded Sultan Barghash to send Nyamwezi troops in support of Msa Fumu, but to no avail: after a seven-month siege of Itsandra, during which many died of starvation, Msa Fumu was captured by his enemies and strangled, and many of those who had been loyal to him fled overseas. Numbers of the Ngazija aristocrats, according to an informant of Heepe’s in 1912 (1920: 89-93) went to Zanzibar.http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/104/1/Shepherd_The_Comorians_in_Kenya_.pdf

1154-1749 Nabahans/Y’Aruba dynasty of Oman
1749CE Oman was established, after Sayyid’s BuSaidi family had supplanted the previous Y’Aruba dynasty for the control of Oman.
At this time, the Mazrui family were very angry and unhappy because Al BuSaidi’s family supplanted Y’Aruba and they expected to take on the coast of East Africa. They broke away from Oman and contested Sayyid’s choices for learders of coastal Swahili towns; thus when Mazrui family tried to capture cities like Lamu and Pate which were vassals of Oman, but Oman’s strong hold over the Swahili coast drove out a pro-Mazrui government in the city of Pate and Sayyid’s forces captured the island of Pemba as well in 1823 from Mazrui supporters. (Sebastian Maisel, John A. Shoup, An Encyclopedia of Life in the Arab States, Volume 1 and 2, Chronology)

According to Ibuni Saleh 1936 Short History of the Comorians in Zanzibar pg 8
“We have an authentic record that in the end of the 17th Century, Imam Seif bin Sultan, the son of Imam Sultan bin Seif who in 1651 captured Muscat from the Portuguese, then sovereign Lord of East African Dominions known as “Caid el Ardh” who finally drove away the Portugues from the East Coast sought alliance with the Sultan of the Comoro Islands. The Sultan of the Comores at that time one Seyyid Ahmed bin Saleh answered by a letter exhibited at the Zanzibar Museum)”

At the time of Sultan Ahmed Said (1793 + 1875), there was a sultanates federation under the authority of a supreme leader: the thibe sultan. The federation included twelve provinces administered by a sultan. The Sultan Ahmed Said, the Sultanate of Bambao exercised suzerainty over five provincial sultanates and the Sultan rival, Moussa Foumou Sultanate Itsandra exercised his on three provincial sultanates. The provinces of BADJINI and DOMBA were autonomous

The story from the #Horn_of_Africa and #African_Great_Lakes that shook the Sunni Muslim dynasties during the reign of the Sultan Tibe

From I, who is a descendant of Higna Pirusa Clan. –   A Higna Fombaia/Moitsa Pirusa Clan  from 16th Century Reign of African Great Lakes! (oraled as Inya Fombwai-Mwatsa) –

DEDICATION TO MY CHILDREN – FAHD & MOH’D

Tracing the Archaeological background of Higna Pirusa Clan who reigned the Comoro islands during the 17th and 19th centuries.

In the course of the 16th century several Sultanates were established on the island of Grande Comore. Most of them were united in a very loose confederation, covering the largest part of the island. At this period of time, The Nabhani dynasty and the Ya’aruba dynasty have control of Oman.

The Clan of Higna Moitsa Pirusa who reign from Itsandra to Mitsamihuli, Washili, Mbude to Hamehame were a descendants from The Nabhani dynasty (or Nabahina dynasty), members of the Bani Nabhan family, were rulers of Oman from 1154 until 1624, when the Yaruba dynasty took power.

There are records of personal visits by Nabhani rulers to Ethiopia, Zanzibar, the Lamu Archipelago of what is now Kenya, and Persia. The al-Nabhani dynasty of Pate Island in the Lamu Archipelago claimed descent from the Omani dynasty.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabhani_dynasty

Higna Pirusa Clan started in Patte Island and the male figure in this clan was from Nabahan Dynasty. These particular Nabahans from Pate claimed to have come from (Sham)Iraq/Iran or Syria but Archaeological findings trace them coming from Muscat (Muslim Societies in Africa pg215). These Nabahan members are from the Yaruba Dynasty. Yaruba (Y’Aruba) tribe is said to be related to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

The Yaruba dynasty (also spelled Ya’Aruba or Ya’arubi) were rulers of Oman between 1624 and 1742, holding the title of Imam. They expelled the Portuguese from coastal strongholds in Muscat and united the country. They improved agriculture, expanded trade and built up Oman into a major maritime power. Their forces expelled the Portuguese from East Africa north of Mozambique and established long-lasting settlements on Zanzibar, Mombasa and other parts of the coast. The dynasty lost power during a succession struggle that started in 1712 and fell after a prolonged period of civil war. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaruba_dynasty

In 1719 Muhanna bin Sultan was brought into Rustaq Fort by stealth and proclaimed Imam. He was unpopular, and the next year was deposed and killed by his cousin Ya’arub bin Bal’arab. Ya’arub bin Bal’arab set up Saif bin Sultan II as the Imam and proclaimed himself Custodian. Saif bin Sultan II was undisputed ruler, but he led a self-indulgent life, which turned the tribes against him. Ahmad bin Said al-Busaidi was elected Imam in 1744.

According to Ibuni Saleh 1936 Short History of the Comorians in Zanzibar pg8  “We have an authentic record that in the end of the 17th Century, Imam Seif bin Sultan, the son of Imam Sultan bin Seif who in 1651 captured Muscat from the Portuguese, then sovereign Lord of East African Dominions known as “Caid el Ardh” who finally drove away the Portugues from the East Coast sought alliance with the Sultan of the Comoro Islands. The Sultan of the Comores at that time one Seyyid Ahmed bin Saleh answered by a letter exhibited at the Zanzibar Museum)”

This ancestry story of  Higna Fombaia/Moitsa Pirusa Clan started from Pate Island in Kenya where a Son of a prince banished from the Island of Patte in 18th/19th century, grows in Anjouan, married a daughter of Sultan Alaoui 1st, of which he had his elder son Saïd M’Kou. Succeeded in capturing Moroni and Iconi which he drove the Sultan Bamba Ouma, and proclaimed himself Sultan of Bambao. Fey Foumou was his brother-in-law, Boina Foumou was his father in law. So now we know who captured Aicha and married her off to MussaFumu of which in the end of the Sultanates reign; it will seem that Mussa Fumu was the Greater Sultan Tibe among all of the Sultans in my ancestry; especially to me he was.

In this fascinating history, my ancestral M’Haza wa Kaleheza belonging to the Higna Pirusa/Fombaia clan was taken captive from M’bude to Isandra. Aicha (asha), who my mother was name after, was taken as a captive to Itsandra; however, she was treated well and eventually married to MussaFumu in this case her successor was Bwana Fumu and the Mba-Fumu (from the womb of Fumu, which is my father’s side also)

Mussa Fumu was a very powerful and stronger ruler among all the Sultanates on the Comoros, because he would not give in to either French or Arabs to the end. He didn’t want to loose the Comoro Island but in the end he did.

In 1885 Said Ali, the “Black Sultan” gave Leon Humblot (French Exploiter) the “White Sultan” a large concession covering as much lands as he could exploit (in fact the whole island) Humblot became the real ruler of the island it was only in 1912 that he lost his last administrative powers.

After most of the Sultanates were defeated in fighting this deal, they submitted to Sultan Ali Said. At this time rivalry between Ngazija’s two largest sultanates had become civil war. France was supporting Sa’id Ali, Sultan of Bambao, against his rival Mas Fumu of Itsandra. (Musa bin Fehem called Msa Fum by the natives was the maternal cousin to Ali). Shaikh Kari persuaded Sultan Barghash to send Nyamwezi troops in support of Msa Fumu, but to no avail: after a seven-month siege of Itsandra, during which many died of starvation, Msa Fumu was captured by his enemies and strangled, and many of those who had been loyal to him fled overseas. Numbers of the Ngazija aristocrats, according to an informant of Heepe’s in 1912 (1920: 89-93) went to Zanzibar. http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/104/1/Shepherd_The_Comorians_in_Kenya_.pdf

Higna Fombaia/Moitsa Pirusa Clan descends from The Nabhani dynasty (or Nabahina dynasty) and the Yaruba dynasty (also spelled Ya’Aruba or Ya’arubi)

1154-1749 Nabahans/Y’Aruba dynasty of Oman

1749CE Oman was established, after Sayyid’s BuSaidi family had supplanted the previous Y’Aruba dynasty for the control of Oman.

At this time, the Mazrui family were very angry and unhappy because  Al BuSaidi’s family supplanted Y’Aruba  and they expected to take on the coast of East Africa. They broke away from Oman and contested Sayyid’s choices for learders of coastal Swahili towns; thus when Mazrui family tried to capture cities like Lamu and Pate which were vassals of Oman, but Oman’s strong hold over the Swahili coast drove out a pro-Mazrui  government in the city of Pate and Sayyid’s forces captured the island of Pemba as well in 1823 from Mazrui supporters. (Sebastian Maisel, John A. Shoup, An Encyclopedia of Life in the Arab States, Volume 1 and 2, Chronology)

According to Ibuni Saleh 1936 Short History of the Comorians in Zanzibar pg 8

“We have an authentic record that in the end of the 17th Century, Imam Seif bin Sultan, the son of Imam Sultan bin Seif who in 1651 captured Muscat from the Portuguese, then sovereign Lord of East African Dominions known as “Caid el Ardh” who finally drove away the Portugues from the East Coast sought alliance with the Sultan of the Comoro Islands. The Sultan of the Comores at that time one Seyyid Ahmed bin Saleh answered by a letter exhibited at the Zanzibar Museum)”

At the time of Sultan Ahmed Said (1793 + 1875), there was a sultanates federation under the authority of a supreme leader: the thibe sultan. The federation included twelve provinces administered by a sultan. The Sultan Ahmed Said, the Sultanate of Bambao exercised suzerainty over five provincial sultanates and the Sultan rival, Moussa Foumou Sultanate Itsandra exercised his on three provincial sultanates. The provinces of BADJINI and DOMBA were autonomous

In A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the London School of Economics 1982 where in page 14 my cousin Asya Turki was acknowledged by the writer as follow:- “In Nairobi I owe most to the help and hospitality of Saad Yahya and Assiah Turki”. Gillian Marie Shepherd – THE COMORIANS IN KENYA: THE ESTABLISHMENT AND LOSS OF AN ECONOMIC NICHE – Most details of her manuscript on Comorian employment are drawn from the published work of  Ibuni Saleh, from the manuscript of Burhan Mkelle (both Zanzibar-born Comorians writing in the 1930s) and from the memories of Comorian informants about their fathers and grandfathers. Mkelle’s manuscript is invaluable since it contains over eighty thumbnail sketches of notable Comorians in Zanzibar and the positions they held, the writer goes on to say. Comorians held various positions of importance in what was essentially Sultan Barghash’s highly personal Civil Service. There were clerks, working both as secretaries and translators; Matar bin Abdallah who, as the speaker of several European languages, was appointed to liaise between foreign consuls and the Palace; and Shaikh Kari ibn al Haj who was made Ra’is al Baladiya (Chief, Governor) of Zanzibar town, representing the townspeople to the Sultan and the Sultan to the townspeople. Sharif Mamboya also became a Court Chamberlain and acted as advisor to both Barghash and Lloyd Mathews (Mkelle, 1930: 5-6). Shaikh Kari was responsible, in part, for the arrival in Zanzibar of many more WaNgazija during Barghash’s reign, Comorians who had held positions of importance in the Palace or the Army continued to live and work in Zanzibar. Shaikh Khamis bin Sa’id, who had been Mathews’ adjutant since the 1870s, was appointed one of the four Arab Ministers at Court, and Shaikh Salim bin Azan, a Baluchi-Comorian, was another (Saleh, 1936: 2a). The Palace Treasurer and Paymaster, and the Chief of Security were also Comorian (Mkelle, 1930: 5-7, 22-23).32

Comorians with religious posts seem to have stayed in Zanzibar as well. Two Comorian walis were appointed; Shaikh Abdallah bin Wazir al-Ntsujini, an old friend of Sultan Ali bin Sa’id, became Mufti and also worked as adviser to Zanzibar’s wakf Council, and the reputation Comorians had for religious expertise must have been greatly enhanced by the presence of their compatriot Sayyid Ahmad Abu Bakr bin Sumait al-Alawi. East Africa’s most august scholar until his death in 1925, Sayyid Ahmad had returned to Zanzibar after studies in Istanbul in 1888, becoming first kadi and eventually Grand Mufti. His legal skills and his publications made him well-known throughout the muslim world (B.G. Martin, 1971: 541-544). http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/104/1/Shepherd_The_Comorians_in_Kenya_.pdf

 

From the Anjouan history- their view of the Grande Comore and the sultans on the Comoros    They saw the political tradition of the Grande-Comore to be the opposite of that of Anjouan, and typically feudal.  http://www.anjouan.net/en_histoire.htm

(follow the link, then go all the way to the end read Differences with the Grande-Comore, which reveals exactly who the Fumu were, how they are all related, why the Anjouans nicknamed Comoro “island of fighters Sultans”)

 

A fascinating history of my ancestors as told to me by my great grand maternal mother; my great nana used to tell us stories all the time. She used to tell us stories about our families and how they migrated from Comoro Islands to Zanzibar; and why during weddings and funerals they meet, and clans from different parts of Comoros who reside in Zanzibar will be participating by presenting their actual cities.

For example, when a prominent Comorian died in Zanzibar during a funeral you’ll notice prayers/supplications/memorial will come from the people of Mitsamihuli one day, the next day from the people of Iconi, Mbude, Itsandra each day presented by different clan who reign the Comoros in 16th Century. Same thing happens for the weddings and in some other important days that were deemed important for Comorians, which are now having died with our ancestors like my great grand mother. When I was a young lady, I myself participated in some practices representing clans of Iconi, Itsandaa and Mitsamihuli. This practice of Comorians representing clans during celebrations goes on today, among the Clans of Comorian who reside in Zanzibar islands.

 

Out of this fascinating history, I remember some of the stories told to me from my childhood by my great maternal grand mother, Bi Maryam wa Mchangama-Mkelle 1882-1983, who died when she was over 100 yrs in Zanzibar; born, raised and was exiled from the Comoro Islands to Zanzibar Islands. She took care of her brother’s kids, among them were Burhan Mkelle, Abdulrahman Mkelle, Miledi’s dad and others. She used to like telling 16th to 18th Centuries stories, and sometimes enact on some important public days that she still remembered. She will always tell stories about my ancestors because she wanted me to find the reality about some of her stories for myself. Today, as a result of all that, I , Dinnah Moh’d Saleh Mba-Fumu Ali Said (other names not known but would like to know further). As an adult of contemporary 21st century, savvy in techno world of internet, I set out to look for my name and the family tree behind it, it’s significant meaning and anything else that will satisfies my unsettled soul; for I would like to know what comes after Mba-Fumu Ali Said, especially, when recalling the story from my grand mother about my ancestors.

The story from the #Horn_of_Africa and #African_Great_Lakes that shook the Sunni Muslim dynasties during the reign of the Sultan Tibe who was the Head of Confederation which covered most of the Grande Comore/Ngazija island.

Sultan Tibe was formally the Sultans of Bambao and Itsandra alternated in holding the office. In practice however, all succession was decided by war.

In this fascinating peace of history, my ancestoral M’Haza wa Kaleheza belonging to the Higna Pirusa/Fombaia clan was taken captive from M’bude to Isandra. Aicha (asha), who my mother was name after, was taken as a captive to Itsandra; however, she was treated well and eventually married to MussaFumu in this case her successor was Bwana Fumu and the Mba-Fumu (from the womb of Fumu, this is now is my father’s side also; as we know royalty only marries royalty) the Clan of Higna Moitsa Pirusa who reign from Itsandra to Mitsamihuli, Washili, Mbude to Hamehame. As it seems, my ancenstors from my mother’s side and my father’s side are somewhat related.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sultans_on_the_Comoros#See_also

http://www.comores-online.com/mwezinet/histoire/sultansngazidja.htm#%287%29

 

In A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the London School of Economics 1982 where in page 14 my cousin Asya Turki was acknowledged by the writer as follow:- “In Nairobi I owe most to the help and hospitality of Saad Yahya and Assiah Turki”. Gillian Marie Shepherd – THE COMORIANS IN KENYA: THE ESTABLISHMENT AND LOSS OF AN ECONOMIC NICHE – Most details of her manuscript on Comorian employment are drawn from the published work of Ibuni Saleh, from the manuscript of Burhan Mkelle (both Zanzibar-born Comorians writing in the 1930s) and from the memories of Comorian informants about their fathers and grandfathers. Mkelle’s manuscript is invaluable since it contains over eighty thumbnail sketches of notable Comorians in Zanzibar and the positions they held, the writer goes on to say. Comorians held various positions of importance in what was essentially Sultan Barghash’s highly personal Civil Service. There were clerks, working both as secretaries and translators; Matar bin Abdallah who, as the speaker of several European languages, was appointed to liaise between foreign consuls and the Palace; and Shaikh Kari ibn al Haj who was made Ra’is al Baladiya (Chief, Governor) of Zanzibar town, representing the townspeople to the Sultan and the Sultan to the townspeople. Sharif Mamboya also became a Court Chamberlain and acted as advisor to both Barghash and Lloyd Mathews (Mkelle, 1930: 5-6). Shaikh Kari was responsible, in part, for the arrival in Zanzibar of many more WaNgazija during Barghash’s reign, Comorians who had held positions of importance in the Palace or the Army continued to live and work in Zanzibar. Shaikh Khamis bin Sa’id, who had been Mathews’ adjutant since the 1870s, was appointed one of the four Arab Ministers at Court, and Shaikh Salim bin Azan, a Baluchi-Comorian, was another (Saleh, 1936: 2a). The Palace Treasurer and Paymaster, and the Chief of Security were also Comorian (Mkelle, 1930: 5-7, 22-23).32
Comorians with religious posts seem to have stayed in Zanzibar as well. Two Comorian walis were appointed; Shaikh Abdallah bin Wazir al-Ntsujini, an old friend of Sultan Ali bin Sa’id, became Mufti and also worked as adviser to Zanzibar’s wakf Council, and the reputation Comorians had for religious expertise must have been greatly enhanced by the presence of their compatriot Sayyid Ahmad Abu Bakr bin Sumait al-Alawi. East Africa’s most august scholar until his death in 1925, Sayyid Ahmad had returned to Zanzibar after studies in Istanbul in 1888, becoming first kadi and eventually Grand Mufti. His legal skills and his publications made him well-known throughout the muslim world (B.G. Martin, 1971: 541-544).
http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/104/1/Shepherd_The_Comorians_in_Kenya_.pdf

From the Anjouan history- their view of the Grande Comore and the sultans on the Comoros They saw the political tradition of the Grande-Comore to be the opposite of that of Anjouan, and typically feudal.http://www.anjouan.net/en_histoire.htm
(follow the link, then go all the way to the end read Differences with the Grande-Comore, which reveals exactly who the Fumu were, how they are all related, why the Anjouans nicknamed Comoro “island of fighters Sultans”)

A fascinating history of my ancestors as told to me by my great grand maternal mother; my great nana used to tell us stories all the time. She used to tell us stories about our families and how they migrated from Comoro Islands to Zanzibar; and why during weddings and funerals they meet, and clans from different parts of Comoros who reside in Zanzibar will be participating by presenting their actual cities.
For example, when a prominent Comorian died in Zanzibar during a funeral you’ll notice prayers/supplications/memorial will come from the people of Mitsamihuli one day, the next day from the people of Iconi, Mbude, Itsandra each day presented by different clan who reign the Comoros in 16th Century. Same thing happens for the weddings and in some other important days that were deemed important for Comorians, which are now having died with our ancestors like my great grand mother. When I was a young lady, I myself participated in some practices representing clans of Iconi, Itsandaa and Mitsamihuli. This practice of Comorians representing clans during celebrations goes on today, among the Clans of Comorian who reside in Zanzibar islands. Out of this fascinating history, I remember some of the stories told to me from my childhood by my great maternal grand mother, Bi Maryam wa Mchangama-Mkelle 1882-1983, who died when she was over 100 yrs in Zanzibar; born, raised and was exiled from the Comoro Islands to Zanzibar Islands. She took care of her brother’s kids, among them were Burhan Mkelle, Abdulrahman, Miledi’s dad and others. She used to like telling 16th to 18th Centuries stories, and sometimes enact on some important public days that she still remembered. She will always tell stories about my ancestors because she wanted me to find the reality about some of her stories for myself. Today, as a result of all that, I , Dinnah Moh’d Saleh Mba-Fumu Ali Said (other names not known but would like to know further). As an adult of contemporary 21st century, savvy in techno world of internet, I set out to look for my name and the family tree behind it, it’s significant meaning and anything else that will satisfies my unsettled soul; for I would like to know what comes after Mba-Fumu Ali Said, especially, when recalling the story from my grand mother about my ancestors. The story from the #Horn_of_Africa and #African_Great_Lakes that shook the Sunni Muslim dynasties during the reign of the Sultan Tibe who was the Head of Confederation which covered most of the Grande Comore/Ngazija island. Sultan Tibe was formally the Sultans of Bambao and Itsandra alternated in holding the office. In practice however, all succession was decided by war.
In this fascinating peace of history, my ancestoral M’Haza wa Kaleheza belonging to the Higna Pirusa/Fombaia clan was taken captive from M’bude to Isandra. Aicha (asha), who my mother was name after, was taken as a captive to Itsandra; however, she was treated well and eventually married to MussaFumu in this case her successor was Bwana Fumu and the Mba-Fumu (from the womb of Fumu, this is now is my father’s side also; as we know royalty only marries royalty) the Clan of Higna Moitsa Pirusa who reign from Itsandra to Mitsamihuli, Washili, Mbude to Hamehame. As it seems, my ancenstors from my mother’s side and my father’s side are somewhat related.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sultans_on_the_Comoros#See_also
http://www.comores-online.com/mwezinet/histoire/sultansngazidja.htm#%287%29

Omani ruled most of the coast of East Africa around 18th to 20th century                                                                                     http://www.royalark.net/Oman/oman2.htm

My splintered soul is healing as my wrenching heart is still sobbing, looking into the eyes of my ancestors; especially the picture of babu bw. Fumu (Fuom). Families who are here sharing their comments and reading these stories, we should be able to make a difference among all the families, bury our hatchets and know we will always be family First! What ever happened with our forefathers in Comoro we will never be able to understand it today.
All I can say is, it’s not easy to be in a position of power, as a King or Sultan or the like especially if you’re also a commander in chief, to your province. We heard gruesome stories in our times about kingdoms and how people attain these kingdoms. One will kill a brother, or a father to be able to rule a province more efficiently, or just because of greed. Not to sway from continuing on the story about my findings on my ancestors, but some things and stories that we read or hear about from the past may be unacceptable to you, or me, as they may also be unacceptable in our 21st century; but they happen. Some things are just bad karma we created, and it comes around to bite us. For example, what we seeing now of the extremist Muslims like Isis, Bin Laden and the like are the cause affect of what Europeans did to these dynasties.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Sunni_Muslim_dynasties

Make sure you use the links on here for references of these stories okay. Fascinating, heart-wrenching, soul healing

Did you guys have a nana that told incredible stories some hard to believe? I had one, she told this unbelievable incredible story that I think some of the Comorians here have heard it from your nana too. Stories that don’t make sense but tell a history of families. Here is that story

“The story was that a King migrated his seven (Princes) Sultans from Persia during the war, the fall of an empire, and from religious persecutions or conflicts. They sailed from Persia into the Indian Ocean, sailing towards South Africa, Malaysia etc. They got lost in the sea and were about to give up from life. Tired, sick, some hungry and eluded they drifted through the night to an appearance of a big shiny rock. the_comoros-t2

The island looked like a big chunk of moon rock, shining like a moon; thus, they named it al Qumur (Comoro). They said the rock was under the influence of the light from the moon, hence it shined like the moon. The Island seemed empty, like no one lives there. They were tired, sick, hungry, angry, disappointed.

At the Island, Jinns were secretly watching them. The legends said that during the time of the prophet Suleiman/Solomon or King Solomon, Jinns were jailed in different Islands around the African continent and beyond. The prophet Suleiman/King Solomon was given a power by God to be able to jail these Jinns, ordered them around and so forth . When the part of the history from King Solomon ended, the Jinns were forgotten but they were and are here even now. Some of these Jinns, who were jailed in the Islands of Comoro continued to populate the Island and reigned as royals, when the boat carrying seven sultans (princes) arrived in Comoro; The stories from my ancestors goes on to say that, when the Jinns saw the destitute travelers, they took the form of people and went to their dows (ships) and helped them to the land.  comoros-island-city

The Jinns appeared as people, as living being as the travelers were. The place they landed was called Mbajini. The seven Sultans, after they were done relaxing they wanted to pray, so they asked for a mosque, in order that they can pray. There were no muslims in the island; hence, there was no mosque. But, when the sultans wanted to pray in the morning, the mosque appeared. This mosque is said to be there today in this present century in Mbajini the town named after those Jinis and is one of heritage places as recognize ( together with other five sites collectively proposed by) UNESCO World Heritage site:
The legend of this story continue on to state that the Sultans lived happily in Mbajini area in the Islands of Comoros and married the daughters of their hosts, the Jinns. Then the King of this clan, who gave his daughters in marriage to the Sultans, asked them to board their boats and start moving around the islands, starting with the Grand Comoro. Each was given a Cock(hen) and was told when the bird crows (cockdoddle doo) at a place they were to come down at the spot and make their dynasty there, make family and have a living. The first cock crows right there at Mbajini, the second Iconi, Isandara, Mbude, Mitsamihuli, Hamehame, Hambu etc….Even today, in this present century, the comorians, living in Zanzibar, when they have their weddings, or ceremonies a person will start calling on these cities and all of the representative from these different sites will come forth, to depict the old legends.

History of Anjouan
anjouan.net

The below information collected by Jean Martin (op. cit. p. 358-388). http://www.anjouan.net/en_histoire.htm  

«The title of Sultan Tibé was not hereditary, and the war seems to have been one of the only ways to acquire it with the possession of goods, because the winner had to demonstrate generosity and distribute bonuses: oxen, clothes, paddy and millet, for that his primacy was recognized by its peers» (Jean Martin, op. cit. v.1, p.60).
The identity of these little princes is uncertain because it has only been transmitted by oral tradition, without chronological indicators, and in strong different lists according to the informants; on the contrary of Anjouan where the relations with the Europeans allowed, thanks to the documents left by these, a certainty on the identity of the successive sovereigns, and chronological indicators rather precise.
In fact, one possesses pieces of information rather precise only in the nineteenth century, when relations with the British or the French began to be more frequent. Presumably the story of Sultan Tibé Mougné M’Kou (1813-1875) gives an idea of what were the reigns of his predecessors.Son of a prince, and of a Comorian princess, Moina Mtiti, daughter of the Higna Pirusa clan, banished from the Island of Patte on the east coast of Africa, Mougné M’kou grows in Anjouan where his father had taken refuge. He married a daughter of Sultan Alaoui 1st, of which he had his elder son Saïd M’Kou.On the death of his father, and his maternal aunt having become sovereign of Bambao, he returned to Grande-Comore in 1814.Having established, with money (because his father had died very rich), a party in the Bambao, and have bought some sympathy among the notables of Itsandra, Mougné M’kou succeeded in capturing Moroni and Iconi which he drove the Sultan Bamba Ouma, and proclaimed himself Sultan of Bambao.But that was not enough for his ambition. Coveting the title of Tibé, he began to forge alliances among other sultans, to whom he gave in marriage the daughters of his family. He attacked the Sultan of Bagdini, put it in escape, and replaced him by his brother-in-law. Then, with his allies, he turned against the Sultan Tibé of then, Fey Foumou. He put it in escape, and gave the throne of Itsandra to his father-in-law, Boina Foumou. He then proclaimed himself Sultan Tibé.However, the former Tibé, Fey Foumou, succeeded in forming a coalition in which he rallied Boina Foumou. Defeated, Mougné M’kou was dispossessed and placed under house arrest. Then having succeeded obtaining the assistance of his brother-in-law, Abdallah II of Anjouan, who sent him a contingent of soldiers on a whaler, he said Moroni and his Bambao sultanate, and done allegiance to his father-in-law, Boina Foumou, has meanwhile become Sultan Tibé. This happened around 1830.Around 1833 he went to Anjouan, for the wedding of one of his children and then did the pilgrimage of The Mecca. He returned quieted, and satisfied, for seven years, of his sultanate from Bambao to Moroni. Then, a coalition has been assembled around the ancient Tibé, Fey Foumou to dispossess the Tibé Boina Foumou, hostilities resumed in the island. Mougné M’Kou, after hesitation, rushed to help his father-in-law, but Fey Foumou, having obtained reinforcements of Sakalaves of Moheli, was victorious, and Mougné M’kou, having again lost his sultanate, was under house arrest. A year later, the new Tibé gave the small sultanate of Oichili. Meanwhile, Boina Foumou together a new coalition to unseat Fey Foumou, to the sides of which had arranged Mougné M’kou. He was victorious, but a year later returned the Bambao to his son.Around 1840, a new coalition around Fey Foumou nocked again Boira Foumou. Tibé once more, aging Fey Foumou gave the government of Itsandra to his son Foumbavou, what he did to recognize as Tibé.Mougné M’kou thought then offset weakness in attracting the good graces of the French recently installed in Mayotte. He tied up, with the Superior Commanders of the colony, relations that allowed him to obtain from them a probably superior consideration to what it was in reality, and an unofficial protection. Mougné M’Kou profited, circa 1846, to resume hostilities against Foumbavou; he lost his new fiefdom, and had to take refuge to Mitsamiouli.1154-1749 Nabahans/Y’Aruba dynasty of Oman
Pate Island in Kenya where a Son of a prince banished from the Island of Patte in 18th/19th century, grows in Anjouan, married a daughter of Sultan Alaoui 1st, of which he had his elder son Saïd M’Kou. Succeeded in capturing Moroni and Iconi which he drove the Sultan Bamba Ouma, and proclaimed himself Sultan of Bambao. Fey Foumou was his brother-in-law, Boina Foumou was his father in law. So now we know who captured Aicha and married her off to MussaFumu.
http://www.anjouan.net/en_histoire.htm
(follow the link, then go all the way to the end read Differences with the Grande-Comore, which reveals exactly who the Fumu were, how they are all related, why the Anjouans nicknamed Comoro “island of fighters Sultans”)

 

 

 

The story from the ‪#‎Horn_of_Africa‬ and ‪#‎African_Great_Lakes‬ that shook the Sunni Muslim dynasties during the reign of the Sultan Tibe

DEDICATION TO MY CHILDREN – FAHD & MOH’D

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Sunni_Muslim_dynasties#African_Great_Lakes

From I, who is a descendant of Higna Pirusa Clan. – A Higna Fombaia/Moitsa Pirusa Clan – 16th Century Reign of African Great Lakes!

A fascinating history of my ancestors as told to me by my great grand maternal mother; my great nana used to tell us stories all the time.                                       She used to tell us stories about our families and how they migrated from Comoro Islands to Zanzibar; and why during weddings and funerals they meet, and clans from different parts of Comoros who reside in Zanzibar will be participating by presenting their actual cities.                                                                      For example, when a prominent Comorian died in Zanzibar during a funeral you’ll notice prayers/supplications/memorial will come from the people of Mitsamihuli one day, the next day from the people of Iconi, Mbude, Itsandra each day presented by different clan who reign the Comoros in 16th Century. Same thing happens for the weddings and in some other important days that were deemed important for Comorians, which are now having died with our ancestors like my great grand mother.                                                                                        When I was a young lady,  I myself participated in some practices representing clans of  Iconi, Itsandaa and Mitsamihuli. This practice of Comorians representing clans during celebrations goes on today, among the Clans of Comorian who reside in Zanzibar islands.                                                                                                Out of this fascinating history, I remember some of the stories told to me from my childhood by my great maternal grand mother, Bi Maryam wa Mchangama-Mkelle 1882-1983, who died when she was over 100 yrs in Zanzibar; she was born, raised and was exiled from the Comoro Islands to Zanzibar Islands.  She took care of her brother’s kids, among them were Burhan Mkelle, Abdulrahman and others. She used to like telling 16th to 18th Centuries stories, and sometimes enact on some important public days that she still remembered. She will always tell stories about my ancestors because she wanted me to find the reality about some of her stories for myself.                                                                                                        Today, as a result of all that, I , Dinnah Moh’d Saleh Mba-Fumu Ali Said (other names not known but would like to know further). As an adult of contemporary 21st century, savvy in techno world of internet, I set out to look for my name and the family tree behind it, it’s significant meaning and anything else that will satisfies my unsettled soul; for I would like to know what comes after Mba-Fumu Ali Said, especially, when recalling the story from my grand mother about my ancestors. The story from the #Horn_of_Africa and #African_Great_Lakes that shook the Sunni Muslim dynasties during the reign of the Sultan Tibe who was the Head of Confederation which covered most of the Grande Comore/Ngazija island.

SultanSaidAli2                                      Sultan Tibe was formally the Sultans of Bambao and Itsandra alternated in holding the office. In practice however, all succession was decided by war.
In this fascinating peace of history, my ancestoral M’Haza wa Kaleheza belonging to the Higna Pirusa/Fombaia clan was taken captive from M’bude to Isandra. Aicha (asha), who my mother was name after, was taken as a captive to Itsandra; however, she was treated well and eventually married to MussaFumu in this case her successor was Bwana Fumu and the Mba-Fumu (from the womb of Fumu, this is now is my father’s side also; as we know royalty only marries royalty) the Clan of Higna Moitsa Pirusa who reign from Itsandra to Mitsamihuli, Washili, Mbude to Hamehame. As it seems, my ancenstors from my mother’s side and my father’s side are somewhat related.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wi…/List_of_sultans_on_the_Comoros…
http://www.comores-online.com/…/histoi…/sultansngazidja.htm…

Tracing the Archaeological background of Higna Pirusa Clan who reigned the Comoro islands during the 17th and 19th centuries.

In the course of the 16th century several Sultanates were established on the island of Grande Comore. Most of them were united in a very loose confederation, covering the largest part of the island.
At this period of time, The Nabhani dynasty and the Ya’aruba dynasty have control of Oman.

The Clan of Higna Moitsa Pirusa who reign from Itsandra to Mitsamihuli, Washili, Mbude to Hamehame were a descendants from The Nabhani dynasty (or Nabahina dynasty), members of the Bani Nabhan family, were rulers of Oman from 1154 until 1624, when the Yaruba dynasty took power.

There are records of personal visits by Nabhani rulers to Ethiopia, Zanzibar, the Lamu Archipelago of what is now Kenya, and Persia. The al-Nabhani dynasty of Pate Island in the Lamu Archipelago claimed descent from the Omani dynasty.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabhani_dynasty

Higna Pirusa Clan started in Patte Island and the male figure in this clan was from Nabahan Dynasty. These particular Nabahans from Pate claimed to have come from (Sham)Iraq/Iran or Syria but Archaeological findings trace them coming from Muscat (Muslim Societies in Africa pg215). These Nabahan members are from the Yaruba Dynasty. Yaruba (Y’Aruba) tribe is said to be related to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)

The Yaruba dynasty (also spelled Ya’Aruba or Ya’arubi) were rulers of Oman between 1624 and 1742, holding the title of Imam. They expelled the Portuguese from coastal strongholds in Muscat and united the country. They improved agriculture, expanded trade and built up Oman into a major maritime power. Their forces expelled the Portuguese from East Africa north of Mozambique and established long-lasting settlements on Zanzibar, Mombasa and other parts of the coast. The dynasty lost power during a succession struggle that started in 1712 and fell after a prolonged period of civil war. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaruba_dynasty

In 1719 Muhanna bin Sultan was brought into Rustaq Fort by stealth and proclaimed Imam. He was unpopular, and the next year was deposed and killed by his cousin Ya’arub bin Bal’arab. Ya’arub bin Bal’arab set up Saif bin Sultan II as the Imam and proclaimed himself Custodian. Saif bin Sultan II was undisputed ruler, but he led a self-indulgent life, which turned the tribes against him. Ahmad bin Said al-Busaidi was elected Imam in 1744.

According to Ibuni Saleh 1936 Short History of the Comorians in Zanzibar pg 8
“We have an authentic record that in the end of the 17th Century, Imam Seif bin Sultan, the son of Imam Sultan bin Seif who in 1651 captured Muscat from the Portuguese, then sovereign Lord of East African Dominions known as “Caid el Ardh” who finally drove away the Portugues from the East Coast sought alliance with the Sultan of the Comoro Islands. The Sultan of the Comores at that time one Seyyid Ahmed bin Saleh answered by a letter exhibited at the Zanzibar Museum)”

This ancestry story of Higna Fombaia/Moitsa Pirusa Clan started from Pate Island in Kenya where a Son of a prince banished from the Island of Patte in 18th/19th century, grows in Anjouan, married a daughter of Sultan Alaoui 1st, of which he had his elder son Saïd M’Kou. Succeeded in capturing Moroni and Iconi which he drove the Sultan Bamba Ouma, and proclaimed himself Sultan of Bambao. Fey Foumou was his brother-in-law, Boina Foumou was his father in law. So now we know who captured Aicha and married her off to MussaFumu of which in the end of the Sultanates reign; it will seem that Mussa Fumu was the Greater Sultan Tibe among all of the Sultans in my ancestry; especially to me he was.

In this fascinating history, my ancestral M’Haza wa Kaleheza belonging to the Higna Pirusa/Fombaia clan was taken captive from M’bude to Isandra. Aicha (asha), who my mother was name after, was taken as a captive to Itsandra; however, she was treated well and eventually married to MussaFumu in this case her successor was Bwana Fumu and the Mba-Fumu (from the womb of Fumu, which is my father’s side also)

Mussa Fumu was a very powerful and stronger ruler among all the Sultanates on the Comoros, because he would not give in to either French or Arabs to the end. He didn’t want to loose the Comoro Island but in the end he did.

In 1885 Said Ali, the “Black Sultan” gave Leon Humblot (French Exploiter) the “White Sultan” a large concession covering as much lands as he could exploit (in fact the whole island) Humblot became the real ruler of the island it was only in 1912 that he lost his last administrative powers.
After most of the Sultanates were defeated in fighting this deal, they submitted to Sultan Ali Said. At this time rivalry between Ngazija’s two largest sultanates had become civil war. France was supporting Sa’id Ali, Sultan of Bambao, against his rival Mas Fumu of Itsandra. (Musa bin Fehem called Msa Fum by the natives was the maternal cousin to Ali). Shaikh Kari persuaded Sultan Barghash to send Nyamwezi troops in support of Msa Fumu, but to no avail: after a seven-month siege of Itsandra, during which many died of starvation, Msa Fumu was captured by his enemies and strangled, and many of those who had been loyal to him fled overseas. Numbers of the Ngazija aristocrats, according to an informant of Heepe’s in 1912 (1920: 89-93) went to Zanzibar.http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/…/Shepherd_The_Comorians_in_Kenya_…

Higna Fombaia/Moitsa Pirusa Clan descends from The Nabhani dynasty (or Nabahina dynasty) and the Yaruba dynasty (also spelled Ya’Aruba or Ya’arubi)

1154-1749 Nabahans/Y’Aruba dynasty of Oman
1749CE Oman was established, after Sayyid’s BuSaidi family had supplanted the previous Y’Aruba dynasty for the control of Oman.
At this time, the Mazrui family were very angry and unhappy because Al BuSaidi’s family supplanted Y’Aruba and they expected to take on the coast of East Africa. They broke away from Oman and contested Sayyid’s choices for learders of coastal Swahili towns; thus when Mazrui family tried to capture cities like Lamu and Pate which were vassals of Oman, but Oman’s strong hold over the Swahili coast drove out a pro-Mazrui government in the city of Pate and Sayyid’s forces captured the island of Pemba as well in 1823 from Mazrui supporters. (Sebastian Maisel, John A. Shoup, An Encyclopedia of Life in the Arab States, Volume 1 and 2, Chronology)

According to Ibuni Saleh 1936 Short History of the Comorians in Zanzibar pg 8
“We have an authentic record that in the end of the 17th Century, Imam Seif bin Sultan, the son of Imam Sultan bin Seif who in 1651 captured Muscat from the Portuguese, then sovereign Lord of East African Dominions known as “Caid el Ardh” who finally drove away the Portugues from the East Coast sought alliance with the Sultan of the Comoro Islands. The Sultan of the Comores at that time one Seyyid Ahmed bin Saleh answered by a letter exhibited at the Zanzibar Museum)”

At the time of Sultan Ahmed Said (1793 + 1875), there was a sultanates federation under the authority of a supreme leader: the thibe sultan. The federation included twelve provinces administered by a sultan. The Sultan Ahmed Said, the Sultanate of Bambao exercised suzerainty over five provincial sultanates and the Sultan rival, Moussa Foumou Sultanate Itsandra exercised his on three provincial sultanates. The provinces of BADJINI and DOMBA were autonomous

In A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the London School of Economics 1982 where in page 14 my cousin Asya Turki was acknowledged by the writer as follow:- “In Nairobi I owe most to the help and hospitality of Saad Yahya and Assiah Turki”. Gillian Marie Shepherd – THE COMORIANS IN KENYA: THE ESTABLISHMENT AND LOSS OF AN ECONOMIC NICHE – Most details of her manuscript on Comorian employment are drawn from the published work of Ibuni Saleh, from the manuscript of Burhan Mkelle (both Zanzibar-born Comorians writing in the 1930s) and from the memories of Comorian informants about their fathers and grandfathers. Mkelle’s manuscript is invaluable since it contains over eighty thumbnail sketches of notable Comorians in Zanzibar and the positions they held, the writer goes on to say.

Comorians held various positions of importance in what was essentially Sultan Barghash’s highly personal Civil Service. There were clerks, working both as secretaries and translators; Matar bin Abdallah who, as the speaker of several European languages, was appointed to liaise between foreign consuls and the Palace; and Shaikh Kari ibn al Haj who was made Ra’is al Baladiya (Chief, Governor) of Zanzibar town, representing the townspeople to the Sultan and the Sultan to the townspeople. Sharif Mamboya also became a Court Chamberlain and acted as advisor to both Barghash and Lloyd Mathews (Mkelle, 1930: 5-6). Shaikh Kari was responsible, in part, for the arrival in Zanzibar of many more WaNgazija during Barghash’s reign, Comorians who had held positions of importance in the Palace or the Army continued to live and work in Zanzibar. Shaikh Khamis bin Sa’id, who had been Mathews’ adjutant since the 1870s, was appointed one of the four Arab Ministers at Court, and Shaikh Salim bin Azan, a Baluchi-Comorian, was another (Saleh, 1936: 2a). The Palace Treasurer and Paymaster, and the Chief of Security were also Comorian (Mkelle, 1930: 5-7, 22-23).32
Comorians with religious posts seem to have stayed in Zanzibar as well. Two Comorian walis were appointed; Shaikh Abdallah bin Wazir al-Ntsujini, an old friend of Sultan Ali bin Sa’id, became Mufti and also worked as adviser to Zanzibar’s wakf Council, and the reputation Comorians had for religious expertise must have been greatly enhanced by the presence of their compatriot Sayyid Ahmad Abu Bakr bin Sumait al-Alawi. East Africa’s most august scholar until his death in 1925, Sayyid Ahmad had returned to Zanzibar after studies in Istanbul in 1888, becoming first kadi and eventually Grand Mufti. His legal skills and his publications made him well-known throughout the muslim world (B.G. Martin, 1971: 541-544). http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/…/Shepherd_The_Comorians_in_Kenya_…

From the Anjouan history- their view of the Grande Comore and the sultans on the Comoros They saw the political tradition of the Grande-Comore to be the opposite of that of Anjouan, and typically feudal. http://www.anjouan.net/en_histoire.htm
(follow the link, then go all the way to the end read Differences with the Grande-Comore, which reveals exactly who the Fumu were, how they are all related, why the Anjouans nicknamed Comoro “island of fighters Sultans”)

7 Key Events That Are Going To Happen By The End Of September

Is something really big about to happen?  For months, people have been pointing to the second half of this year for various reasons.  For some, the major concern is Jade Helm and the unprecedented movement of military vehicles and equipment that we have been witnessing all over the nation.  For others, the upcoming fourth blood moon and the end of the Shemitah cycle are extremely significant events.  Yet others are most concerned about political developments in Washington D.C. and at the United Nations.  To me, it does seem rather remarkable that we are seeing such a confluence of economic, political and spiritual events coming together during the second half of 2015.  So is all of this leading up to something?  Is our world about to change in a fundamental way?  Only time will tell.  The following are 7 key events that are going to happen by the end of September…

Late June/Early July – It is expected that this is when the U.S. Supreme Court will reveal their gay marriage decision.  Most believe that the court will rule that gay marriage is a constitutional right in all 50 states.  There are some that believe that this will be a major turning point for our nation.

July 15th to September 15th – A “realistic military training exercise” known as “Jade Helm” will be conducted by the U.S. Army.  More than 1,000 members of the U.S. military will take part in this exercise.  The list of states slated to be involved in these drills includes Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, California, Mississippi and Florida.

July 28th – On May 28th, Reuters reported that countries in the European Union were being given a two month deadline to enact “bail-in” legislation.  Any nation that does not have “bail-in” legislation in place by that time will face legal actionfrom the European Commission.  So why is the European Union in such a rush to get this done?  Are the top dogs in the EU anticipating that another great financial crisis is about to erupt?

September 13th – This is Elul 29 on the Biblical calendar – the last day of the Shemitah year.  Many are concerned about this date because we have seen giant stock market crashes on the last day of the previous two Shemitah cycles.

On September 17th, 2001 (which was Elul 29 on the Biblical calendar), we witnessed the greatest one day stock market crash in U.S. history up until that time.  The Dow plummeted 684 points, and it was a record that held for exactly seven years until the end of the next Shemitah cycle.

On September 29th, 2008 (which was also Elul 29 on the Biblical calendar), the Dow fell by an astounding 777 points, which still today remains the greatest one day stock market crash of all time.

Now we are approaching the end of another Shemitah year.  So will the stock market crash on September 13th, 2015?  Well, no, because that day is a Sunday.  So I guarantee that the stock market will not crash on that particular day.  But as Jonathan Cahn has pointed out in his book on the Shemitah, sometimes stock market crashes happen just before the end of the Shemitah year and sometimes they happen within just a few weeks after the end of the Shemitah.  So we are not just looking at one particular date.

September 15th – The 70th session of the UN General Assembly begins on this date.  It is being reported that France plans to introduce a resolution which would give formal UN Security Council recognition to a Palestinian state.  Up until now, the United States has always been the one blocking such a resolution, but Barack Obama is indicating that things may be much different this time around.

September 25th to September 27th – The United Nations is going to launch a brand new sustainable development agenda for the entire planet.  Some have called this “Agenda 21 on steroids”.  But this new agenda is not just about the environment.  It also includes provisions regarding economics, agriculture, education and gender equality.  On September 25th, the Pope will travel to New York to give a major speech kicking off the UN conference where this new agenda will be unveiled.

September 28th – This is the date for the last of the four blood moons that fall on Biblical festival dates during 2014 and 2015.  This blood moon falls on the very first day of the Feast of Tabernacles, it will be a “supermoon”, and it will actually be visible in the city of Jerusalem.  There are many that dismiss the blood moon phenomenon, but we have seen similar patterns before.  For example, a similar pattern of eclipses happened just before and just after the destruction of the Jewish temple by the Romans in 70 AD.

Perhaps none of this alarms you.  But when you add everything above to the fact that the elite definitely appear to be feverishly preparing for something, a very alarming picture emerges.

For example, due to fears that a “natural disaster” could interrupt their operations in New York, the New York Fed has been working hard to build up a satellite office in Chicago.

What kind of “natural disaster” could possibly be so bad that it would cause the entire New York Fed to shut down?

And NORAD has decided to move back into the base deep inside Cheyenne Mountain after all these years.  The threat of an electromagnetic pulse was the reason given for this decision.

By themselves, perhaps those moves would not be that big of a deal.  But let’s add all of the weird movements of military vehicles and equipment that we have been witnessing lately to this discussion.  I included this list from Intellihub in a previous article, but I believe that it bears repeating…

  • On March 13th, Intellihub founder Shepard Ambellas detailed photos and documentation of nearly 40 U.S. Army soldiers, wielding training rifles and dressed in full combat gear, participating in an urban warfare style training drill just outside the Texarkana Regional Airport perimeter.
  • In the middle of April, a report out of Big Springs, Texas revealed that a train full of military equipment and over a dozen helicopters had arrived in the town ahead of Jade Helm 2015.
  • Photographs taken in Corona, California a few days later added to the Jade Helm speculation after they showed a MRAP full of what looked to be U.S. Marines driving down the 1-15 freeway. “In broad daylight with not a care in the world”
  • On April 24th a shocking report on Intellihub News detailed armed troops seen confronting angry protesters in a “professional news package”of riot control training released by the military
  • “A massive buildup, a lot of movement and its undeniable at this point,” read the headline on April 25th after a convoy was seen in Oroville, California that stretched as far as the eye could see.
  • Moving into May, photographs taken in Indiana showed a massive military convoy heading down the freeway. The photos, taken by a concerned citizen, show the convoy heading west on I-70 for reasons unknown.
  • Two days later, video footage, this time out of Texarkana, Arkansas, highlighted a convoy of Humvees driving down the highway as well as a trainload of military vehicles that was seen shortly after.
  • In mid May, Intellihub reporter Alex Thomas published a detailed reportthat confirmed that the military was indeed training to take on the American people, this time in the form of domestic house to house raids.
  • The next day a new report, also by Alex Thomas, proved that Marineswere actually practicing for the internment of American citizens.
  • On May 18th, a train full of hundreds of military Humvees was spotted,further revealing the increased military buildup across the country leading into Jade Helm 2015. The train was heading towards Cleveland for unknown reasons although a possible connection to planned upcoming protests had been mentioned.
  • This past week a massive military war game simulation called Raider Focus was announced. The war game will include the largest military convoy seen on the roads of Colorado since World War II.
  • On may 23th, Intellihub News reported on pictures sent to ANP that show a 1/4 mile long military train convoy near the Colorado Wyoming border.
  • Finally, a report published this week detailed a stunning propaganda move by the military involving a New Jersey school and the worship of the military on the streets of America. “As parents, teachers, and students looked on with joy, Marines from the Special-Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force landed helicopters on the baseball diamond of a New Jersey school.”

What does all of this mean?

It is hard to say.  We have imperfect information, so it is difficult to come up with perfect conclusions.

But what I will say is that I believe that the second half of 2015 is going to be extremely significant.  I believe that events are about to start accelerating greatly, and I believe that life in America is about to change dramatically.

So what do you think?  Please feel free to share your thoughts with all of us by posting a comment below…

By Michael Snyder (The American Dream | Original Link) · On June 12, 2015

http://www.thetradingreport.com/2015/06/12/7-key-events-that-are-going-to-happen-by-the-end-of-september/

Philly Is Number One in Poverty, Which is Awful!! – Voices from those without homes..


The story below appeared in the “One Step Away” magazine, which is a greater philadelphia’s first newspaper produced by those without homes for those with homes. The story was featured April 2013 under heading “Our Voice – What we want people who have roofs over their heads to hear from us”

Philadelphia has the highest rate of deep poverty – people with incomes below half of the poverty line- of any big city in the country, according to a study by The Philadelphia Inquirer and Temple University sociologist David Elesh. Inquirer reporter Alfred Lubrano’s story was chilling; he described people going without food, living without running water or electricity, juggling a number of awful paying jobs that simply don’t make ends meet. The impact on children of families living in deep poverty is an absolute crisis in our city.

Philadelphia has the highest povery rate (28.4 percent) of America’s big cities. Almost 13 percent of Philadelphians are living in “deep poverty”. That’s more than 200,000 of our neighbors and fellow citizens who earn less tha $5,700 per year (individuals) or less than $11,700 for a family of four.

While people who qualify as poor can and often do lift themselves out of poverty, this pernicious state of “deep poverty” is statistically inescapable. Judith Levine, a Temple sociologist, told the Inquirer: “Poverty becomes a long-term experience, and it’s very different, especially for children”. We are dooming thousands of children to a lifetime of sever poverty, with unimaginable long-term consequences.

So, Let’s talk solutions.

Government programs have been wildly successful in fighting poverty. The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities reported last year that pover rates without government income assistance of any sort would have been nearly twice as high as they actually were: 28.6 percent rather than 15.5 percent. That’s the impact of publich programs such as General Assistance, unemployment insurance, SNAP benefits (food stamps), Social Security, Supplemental Security Income, veteran’s benefits, public assistance (most importantly including Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) and housing assistance. These programs work.

You know what’s weird? These are the very programs we’ve spent the last few years cutting. Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Corbett has personally been slashing this stuff as fast as he can.  And in a stunning upset, when you cut anti-poverty programs, you get more poverty.  It’s science…..

An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Anti Poverty Programs in the United States by the National Bureau of Economic Research found that the combination of the means-tested and social insurance transfers had a major impact on povery, reducing deep poverty, poverty, and near-poverty rates by about 14 percentage points. SSI, TANF, food stamps, Earned Income Tax Credit, and housing assistance programs all have significant impacts.

The rise of the EITC and decline of Aid to Families with Dependent Children/TANF and food stamps for the very poor is a regressive combination. The report found a notable shift in expenditures toward the elderly and disabled and away from people who are just plain poor. In 1984, programs reduced poverty much more among single parent families and the nonemployed than they did 20 years later, a direct result of this kind of shift in government policy

Look, cash assistance to the poor, specifically nonworkers, can feel kind of unseemly. The system has always preferred “in kind transfers”, things such as food, medical care, housing. These things help people survive, but don’t move them. They don’t lift people out of poverty.

Conservative economist Milton Friedman consistently supported a “negative income tax”, endorsing the kinds of cash transfers we’ve consistently moved away from. Bolsa Familia in Brazil and Oportunidades in Mexico, which are essentially cash grants to the poor, have been wildly successful in eliminating poverty in those countries. We just don’t have the political will for that sort of thing here.

In the end, then, America sufferes from a kind of deliberate malpractice – we know what works, we’ve seen it work, we’re just deciding not to do so much of it, anymore.

Let’s restore the safety net, invest in people, and knock Philly off the top spot of this really awful list. 

For troubled teens, making and sharing poetry may be unexpected source of happiness

We strive to empower youth and women at Viwidausa; therefore, please support programs, such as youth education and empowerment, which is part of giving our youth a voice.  Youth today need guidance to prepare them into becoming adults; something our societies seem to have neglected for a long time, as a result, most of our youths are in danger of being in prison, homeless, or dead.                                                             Most adolescents go through life by trial and error nowadays, that cost them their lively hood; before they know what they did, they find themselves in detention centers, pregnant or homeless. Can we save our youths? You know you can help don’t you?! Just as the Pongo Teen Writing Project is doing for our troubled teens so can you do something also. 

The Pongo Teen Writing Project has been working with troubled teens in detention centers, mental health facilities and homeless centers for nearly two decades, taking their stories and turning them into poetry. In our ongoing series “Where Poetry Lives,” Jeffrey Brown and U.S. Poet Laureate Natasha Trethewey learn more about a program that empowers young people in crisis to express themselves.  http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/troubled-teens-poetry-offers-happiness-after-hardships/

TRANSCRIPT

JUDY WOODRUFF: Now Jeffrey Brown has the latest report in a series we call “Where Poetry Lives.”He and U.S. Poet Laureate Natasha Trethewey are exploring poetry in various corners of American life, seeking to connect those trips to aspects of Natasha’s personal experience. They recently traveled to Seattle to look at a writing program for troubled teens.

NATASHA TRETHEWEY, U.S. Poet Laureate: My brother spent about a year in a work facility.

JEFFREY BROWN: For Natasha Trethewey, our latest trip brought back vivid memories of visiting her brother in jail after his conviction for a drug crime.

NATASHA TRETHEWEY: My brother started writing poems in prison. He told me it was about making something out of the bad situation that he was in. To be able to make a poem out of that situation felt like the act of creation that was a triumph over the experience.

JEFFREY BROWN: It was a project aimed at that kind of triumph over difficult experience that we were visiting at the King County Juvenile Detention Center.

NATASHA TRETHEWEY: When you see the streets in your mind’s eye, what do you look at?

JUVENILE INMATE: Death, shootings, robberies.

JEFFREY BROWN: The Pongo writing project has been working with troubled teens for nearly two decades, taking their stories and turning them into poetry.                                We were allowed to watch on condition we wouldn’t reveal the identities of the young inmates, age 17 and younger, doing time for crimes that include theft, violence and drug offenses.

JUVENILE INMATE: I feel like the boy who cried wolf.

MAN: And why is that?

JUVENILE INMATE: I keep on saying I’m going to better and stay clean and sober, but then the drugs just come back.

MAN: It’s painful, long and dark nights.

JEFFREY BROWN: Pongo volunteers, both seasoned and amateur writers themselves, meet one-on-one with inmates for an hour, asking questions.

WOMAN: Is there something you can sort of think of that that feeling — to describe that feeling?

JUVENILE INMATE: I felt like I was crushed by a boulder.

JEFFREY BROWN: And encouraging them, like this 16-year-old who’d suffered a miscarriage while in prison, to find words, including metaphors, to describe events and feelings.

JUVENILE INMATE: I kind of felt like a plant, a flower, just stuck in a cave.

JEFFREY BROWN: At session’s end, the volunteers type, the inmates add finishing touches. And the teens are given the opportunity to read their work to the group.

JUVENILE INMATE: When I found out I had lost the baby, I felt like I had been crushed by a boulder. It made me think about the father. It made me realize I didn’t want to have a family with someone like him.

RICHARD GOLD, Pongo Teen Writing Project: How did your session go?

JEFFREY BROWN: Pongo was created by Richard Gold 18 years ago after he left a position with Microsoft. Over the years, he’s brought the project to detention centers like this one, as well as a state psychiatric hospital and several centers for homeless youth, reaching more than 7,000 teens.

RICHARD GOLD: The people who have had a lot of problems that these have been — may have suffered betrayal by the people closest to them.                                                    That’s one of these ultimate complexities poetry can capture. I imagine that there are people out there who say that what I do isn’t poetry. I think what I do is the essence of poetry. What so many of us struggle with is the unarticulated emotion in our lives, and that when poetry serves that, it’s doing something essential for the person and for society.

JEFFREY BROWN: Later, the Pongo volunteers print up the poems, and then deliver them to the teens in their cells.

WOMAN: Thanks for writing today. Hope to see you again.

JEFFREY BROWN: A selection of them are eventually published.

LYNN VALDEZ, King County Juvenile Detention Center: That’s going to be the hard part for a kid like that.

JEFFREY BROWN: Warden Lynn Valdez says the entire experience gives teens hope that they can overcome all of the negativity in their lives.

LYNN VALDEZ: They find a sense of relief and accomplishment, a reward of seeing something on paper that will be published.

JEFFREY BROWN: Valdez knows something about overcoming adversity. A former gang member, he spent time on the other side of these bars before turning his life around. He says that, while the teens are initially wary about poetry, they quickly come around.

LYNN VALDEZ: First, there’s a slight hesitation because they’re not sure what they’re doing. But that — once they overcome that part of it, then it becomes a feeling or something they tend to write down. And they — the reward is, I think that they have actually released something that they have repressed inside.

JEFFREY BROWN: And you see that light bulb go off or something?

LYNN VALDEZ: Oh, you can see it. Oh, you can see it. I have been here 25 years, and this program or this group, what it does is give them some sense of good feelings.

JEFFREY BROWN: Pongo has also won over some of those, like juvenile court Judge Barbara Mack, who see and sentence these young people every day.

JUDGE BARBARA MACK, King County Juvenile Court: I see children who come before me every day who aren’t very good at communicating. They have been buffeted by trauma that most people can’t imagine. And they have never really learned how to express themselves. And Pongo gives them the opportunity to do that in a way that’s not threatening.

JEFFREY BROWN: In fact, Natasha, who’s now serving her second year as poet laureate, says she started writing poetry as a way to cope with a traumatic event: the murder of her mother when Natasha was 19.

NATASHA TRETHEWEY: And it seemed that poetry was the only thing I could turn to that would help make sense of that enormous loss that I felt. People talk about poetry being therapeutic, and it can be a reductive way of thinking about poetry.

JEFFREY BROWN: Right.

NATASHA TRETHEWEY: Because…

JEFFREY BROWN: That’s all it is.

NATASHA TRETHEWEY: That’s all it is.

JEFFREY BROWN: To sort of help us feel better or something.

NATASHA TRETHEWEY: That’s right. But it’s so much more than that.                                                        Percy Bysshe Shelley said that poems are records of the best and happiest times and the best and happiest minds. And I have read — given readings and people will ask me at the end, do you ever write any happy poems?

(LAUGHTER)

NATASHA TRETHEWEY: And I tell them that all of my poems are happy poems, because even if I’m writing about the — what seem to be the most traumatic subjects, the making of the poem is the moment when I am the happiest. So, if that’s therapeutic, so be it.

JEFFREY BROWN: At Seattle’s New Horizons homeless center, young people come for recreation, a hot meal and sessions with the Pongo project. The happiness of making and sharing a poem were on display at a poetry reading we attended, as were the hardships in these lives.

WOMAN: Here comes trouble. I hear that she sleeps in a car. And when she needs a cigarette, she just finds half-smoked ones on the ground

MAN: Why would you make a child carry a child, then break a child, then cruelly take a child’s spirit by leaving that child and only that child behind? Never mind, because the answers won’t make up for the fact that my foundation is cracked.

JEFFREY BROWN: Afterwards, we talked to the young writers who asked that their names not be used.

MAN: I started writing because I didn’t have another way to cope.

JEFFREY BROWN: To cope?

MAN: To cope?

JEFFREY BROWN: With what?

MAN: With life                                                                                                                                                I was in foster care for about 10 years, different places, group homes, institutions, et cetera. So, when I wrote, it kind of gave me a release to kind of get everything out. So it wasn’t in the sense that I was trying to be an artist or be creative. It was more of just like this needs to get out now before something happens.

WOMAN: All the things that I wouldn’t say to people regularly, I can write it down and make it sound beautiful.

NATASHA TRETHEWEY: Why does poetry become the place that you can say it?

WOMAN: The things that would normally sound disgusting all of a sudden sound beautiful, like, empowering, I guess? Instead of — instead of feeling ashamed, it’s sort of like you’re getting past that bad stuff.

MAN: Yes, it’s just taking a negative force and then turning it into a positive thing. I can take all of this negative energy I feel inside myself that I would normally bottle up, until eventually it’s going to reach a breaking point, no matter what, in my opinion, and then I just turn it into like literal art.

WOMAN: I looked forward to going to Pongo when I was younger because I could just speak whatever was happening. I was living in group care at the time, so you weren’t allowed to say whatever you want on the floor. Like, you will get sent to your room.                     So just to be able to just scream, cry, curse, laugh, chant, whatever I needed to do, and they wrote it all down, and then they give you the power to take out or put it wherever you want. And, like, for me, that was the ultimate empowerment.

RICHARD GOLD: He’s always got my back. I have always got his.

JEFFREY BROWN: Richard Gold says he’s now collecting poems from the project for a new anthology. He’s also just published a book about the Pongo method that he hopes will encourage similar programs to be set up around the country.

JUDY WOODRUFF: Listen to some of the heartbreaking and inspiring poems from the Pongo students and read Natasha Trethewey’s personal take from visiting with the teens. That’s on our Poetry page.